How to Determine Which of the 8 Types of Student Loans is Best For You

Last year we struggled with the fact that we needed to fund our college students dreams without much money in the bank. When we turned to student loans we had no idea there were so many different types of student loans. Let us walk you through a quick recap of what you can expect from the 8 different types of student loans.

The 8 Types of Student Loans:

* Federal Stafford Loan (2 types: subsidized-unsubsidized)

* Federal PLUS Loan (Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students)

* Federal Perkins Loans

* Bank Loans

* State Loans

* Other unsubsidized Loans (Stafford)

* Loans from other sources

* College Board Extra Credit Loans

We had no idea that you could even attempt to get a federal loan without submitting an application to FAFSA. Once you submit your application to FAFSA you then must wait for your Student Aid Report (SAR). With SAR in your hand now you can go and find a student loan that meets your needs.

Another eye opening experience. To me the interest rates associated with student loans are highway robbery. As you will soon find out, these rates are high but most lenders are competitive with each other.

1. Federal Stafford Loan – Subsidized: (government pays interest until you graduate) most popular loans and available to both undergraduate and graduate students. It’s really hard to beat these interest rates.

These rates are for subsidized loans to undergraduate students.

* 6.0% for the 2008-09 school year

* 5.6% for the 2009-10 school year

* 4.5% for the 2010-11 school year

* 3.4% for the 2011-12 school year

* returns back to 6.8% for the 2012-13 school year.

From this example it is best to borrow less money now and wait till 2011 to borrow heavy because of the interest rate decrease. And remember on January 1st of each year you must re-apply through FAFSA to received your student loan for the following year.

2. Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan – easy to get and student can pay interest as you go to keep the total loan amount down once they graduate.

***Student Loans Secrets***

Students who are working while attending college, negotiate with your lender to make monthly payments and round up to the nearest tens. If your interest is 8 dollars a month pay 10 dollars which shouldn’t be that hard. Any time you can pay on the principal the better.

3. Federal PLUS Loans for Parents – allows the parent to take out the entire cost of students college education. It is not dependent on “how much a parent makes” and it does offer a nice tax break but this could change with a new president.

***Student Loans Secrets***

You can negotiate repayment of your PLUS loan. Chose from graduation date repayments or start 60-90 days after the loan money.

4. Federal Perkins Loans – students who are having financial difficulties should look into the Perkins Loan. The problem with these loans are they are limited, however you will receive a competitive loan interest rate.

***Student Loans Secrets***

Federal Perkins Loans are reported to your credit bureau. Do it right and you will have an excellent credit rating. Default or late on payments will spell trouble. Be very careful.

5. Bank Loans – if you are turned away by the federal government then turn towards a bank loan. These loans are usually a little higher and each bank has different regulations. I’d shop hard before signing on the dotted line. Some banks do offer Stafford Loans, but they are more strict on their policies.

***Student Loans Secrets***

Banks might limit their loans to full time students and repayment options will be limited. However you might find some incentives on re-payments of your student loans.

6. State Student Loans – you will need to visit your local bank to pick up an application. Most states offer a guaranteed student loan but the banks will administer your funds.

***Student Loans Secrets***

These types of student loans are usually more expensive to borrow from when you compare them to federal loans.

7. Additional Unsubsidized Stafford Loan – These types of student loans are determined by the federal guidelines and are reserved for borrowers who fall into the “independent category.

8. Other types of student loans – look at all your options and discuss these with your financial aid advisors at school. Military dependents, corporations and businesses will offer student assistance. Don’t be afraid to ask.

Small Business Loan Update – Stimulus Bill Helps Bailout Businesses If They Cannot Pay Loans

As we continue to sift dutifully through the over 1,000 pages of the stimulus bill (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009), there is one provision that is not getting much attention, but could be very helpful to small businesses. If you are a small business and have received an SBA loan from your local banker, but are having trouble making payments, you can get a “stabilization loan”. That’s right; finally some bailout money goes into the hands of the small business owner, instead of going down the proverbial deep hole of the stock market or large banks. But don’t get too excited. It is limited to very specific instances and is not available for vast majority of business owners.

There are some news articles that boldly claim the SBA will now provide relief if you have an existing business loan and are having trouble making the payments. This is not a true statement and needs to be clarified. As seen in more detail in this article, this is wrong because it applies to troubled loans made in the future, not existing ones.

Here is how it works. Assume you were one of the lucky few that find a bank to make a SBA loan. You proceed on your merry way but run into tough economic times and find it hard to repay. Remember these are not conventional loans but loans from an SBA licensed lender that are guaranteed for default by the U.S. government through the SBA (depending upon the loan, between 50% and 90%). Under the new stimulus bill, the SBA might come to your rescue. You will be able to get a new loan which will pay-off the existing balance on extremely favorable terms, buying more time to revitalize your business and get back in the saddle. Sound too good to be true? Well, you be the judge. Here are some of the features:

1. Does not apply to SBA loans taken out before the stimulus bill. As to non-SBA loans, they can be before or after the bill’s enactment.

2. Does it apply to SBA guaranteed loans or non-SBA conventional loans as well? We don’t know for sure. This statute simply says it applies to a “small business concern that meets the eligibility standards and section 7(a) of the Small Business Act” (Section 506 (c) of the new Act). That contains pages and pages of requirements which could apply to both types of loans. Based on some of the preliminary reports from the SBA, it appears it applies to both SBA and non-SBA loans.

3. These monies are subject to availability in the funding of Congress. Some think the way we are going with our Federal bailout, we are going be out of money before the economy we are trying to save.

4. You don’t get these monies unless you are a viable business. Boy, you can drive a truck through that phrase. Our friends at the SBA will determine if you are “viable” (imagine how inferior you will be when you have to tell your friends your business was determined by the Federal government to be “non-viable” and on life support).

5. You have to be suffering “immediate financial hardship”. So much for holding out making payments because you’d rather use the money for other expansion needs. How many months you have to be delinquent, or how close your foot is to the banana peel of complete business failure, is anyone’s guess.

6. It is not certain, and commentators disagree, as to whether the Federal government through the SBA will make the loan from taxpayers’ dollars or by private SBA licensed banks. In my opinion it is the latter. It carries a 100% SBA guarantee and I would make no sense if the government itself was making the loan.

7. The loan cannot exceed $35,000. Presumably the new loan will be “taking out” or refinancing the entire balance on the old one. So if you had a $100,000 loan that you have been paying on time for several years but now have a balance of $35,000 and are in trouble, boy do we have a program for you. Or you might have a smaller $15,000 loan and after a short time need help. The law does not say you have to wait any particular period of time so I guess you could be in default after the first couple of months.

8. You can use it to make up no more than six months of monthly delinquencies.

9. The loan will be for a maximum term of five years.

10. The borrower will pay absolutely no interest for the duration of the loan. Interest can be charged, but it will be subsidized by the Federal government.

11. Here’s the great part. If you get one of these loans, you don’t have to make any payments for the first year.

12. There are absolutely no upfront fees allowed. Getting such a loan is 100% free (of course you have to pay principal and interest after the one year moratorium).

13. The SBA will decide whether or not collateral is required. In other words, if you have to put liens on your property or residence. My guess is they will lax as to this requirement.

14. You can get these loans until September 30, 2010.

15. Because this is emergency legislation, within 15 days after signing the bill, the SBA has to come up with regulations.

Personal Loans – All You Wanted to Know

The main features are:
It is a unsecured loan suitable for any purpose Like:

- Education
- Marriage
- Medical purpose
- Purchase of Property or Assets
- Repay old loans
- Investments
- Holidays
- Gifts…etc.

It is hassle free. No guarantors or security /collateral required. Loans to salaried & self-employed. Special offers for Professionals like Doctors, Chartered accountants, Engineers, Architects, Company secretaries, MBA’s etc. Loans are available from Rs. 50, 000/- to Rs. 20 lakh. Repayment options from 12 to 60 months in easy EMI’s. Loans available against surrogate income of any auto, personal or home loan.

Minimum documentation & fast approval. What are the Various types of personal loans available? Personal loans can be broadly divided into income based and non income based. Income based loans are given on the basis of income per month/per year for salaried and self employed respectively. Non income based loans also know as surrogate loans are given based on repayment track records of existing personal loans, car loans, home loans and Credit cards from approved banks. Minimum instalments paid/Months on books required is 9-12 months.

WHAT ARE THE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIAS?
The eligibility criteria for salaried and self employed are:

SALARIED:
Applicant should be Indian citizens working and residing in Mumbai.
Minimum age required is 21 years and Maximum 58/60 years.
Minimum Work Experience-1 month in current company and 3 years overall.
Minimum Net Take Home – Rs. 20, 000/- per month.
Residence-either Owned, rented or company provided.
Telephone/mobile mandatory at residence.
Currently most of the banks are providing unsecured personal loans only to employees of Private Ltd , Limited and multinational companies.

SELF EMPLOYED:
Applicant should be Indian Citizens Working and residing in Mumbai.
Minimum age required is 23/25 years and Maximum 65 years.
Minimum 3 years experience in same business.
Minimum income Rs. 2. 50 lakh per anum.
Residence/Office -either Owned, rented or company provided. Either residence or office should be self owned.
Telephone/mobile mandatory at residence and office.
Partnership firms , Private Ltd. companies and deemed Limited companies are eligible.

HOW IS ELIGIBILITY CALCULATED?

Different banks have different ways of calculating the eligibility. In the case of Salaried generally most of the banks would calculate eligibility to be 1/1. 5 times of annual income. Factors such as existing loan liabilities , average bank balance, track record on existing loans , company profile & loan tenure also plays a part in deciding eligibility.
In the case of Self Employed’s the eligibility would depend on the turnover, existing track record, net profit, cash credit /overdraft limit enjoyed, line of business, cash flow, bank statement, existing loan liability amongst other things. Generally the loan amount is limited at 1. 25 to 4 times of cash profit generated less existing liabilities or a certain percentage of turnover less existing liabilities.

WHAT IS THE LOAN TENURE?

Loan tenure is the period within which the applicant wants to repay the loan. Loans can be repaid from 1 year to 5 years. The rule of the thumb being longer the tenure higher would be the loan eligibility and vice versa. The age of the applicant along with period of service left also influences the loan tenure.

WHAT ARE SERVICE CHARGES?

Service charges, loan processing charges , bank charges are various ways of describing the fees which the bank charges for processing and disbursing loans. It is deducted directly from the loan amount and is generally restricted to 2% to 3 % of the loan amount. It is a one time fee.

WHAT ARE THE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED?

SALARIED:

- Photograph.
- Pan card copy.
- Current residence proof.
- Salary slips for 3 months.
- Bank statement for 6 months.
- Appointment letter and proof of work experience.
- Sanction letters of existing/closed loans.

SELF EMPLOYED:

- Photograph.
- Pan card copy.
- Residence and office address proof(Either residence or
- Office should be self owned).
- IT Returns – CA certified copies for 2 years complete set.
- Business continuity/existence proof 3 years old.
- Business banking 6 months.
- All existing loan sanction letters.
- Qualification proof for professionals.

WHAT IS THE LOAN PROCESS?

One can apply for a personal loan any time in anticipation of a quick, hassle free and unsecured finance for any purpose. The verification process at residence and office is physically done within 2/3 days on submission of all documents required. There is a simultaneous credit check done to find out the credit history of the applicant in the bank applied as also other banks. If all the checks are positive the credit officer normally has either a telephonic or physical discussion with the applicant at his office/place of work.